notabler (notabler) wrote,
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Что может измениться после Covid-19

Cтатья, максимальным образом приближенная к моему представлению и мечтам, может быть, о том, как может изменитьс мир после пандемии. Я перевела чуток гуглом для того, чтобы дать представление.  Потом я оставила только подзаголовки, а текст можете перевести сами. Лонг-лонг-ридн, извините

1. Новая оценка преимуществ самодостаточности.

От аквапоники до вертикальных городских садов, диет на растительной основе и настольных 3D-принтеров - эта ситуация заставит многих из нас увидеть преимущества использования местных продуктов питания и товаров вместо продуктов, требующих длинных и удаленных цепочек поставок.

Эти методы широко пропагандируются с точки зрения устойчивости, но этот вид самодостаточности в конечном счете связан с властью. О том, как независимость ставит вас в такое положение, когда вместо того, чтобы просто скрестить пальцы и надеяться, что правительственные лидеры будут достаточно хорошо защищать вас, вы сможете сохранить какое-то влияние на свою судьбу и судьбу своих близких.

2. Более быстрое внедрение солнечных панелей.

Пока ни в одном регионе не произошло перебоев в подаче электроэнергии из-за системных последствий этой пандемии. Однако было бы наивно думать, что это не произойдет в определенных местах.  Солнечные панели означают отход от более или менее централизованной системы, поставляющей так нужное нам всем электричество.

3. Быстрые инновации и внедрение технологии беспилотных летательных аппаратов.

У нашего вида теперь есть технология, позволяющая доставлять всевозможные продукты к дверям любого человека, находящегося в карантине. До сих пор беспилотники были широко известны как способ осуществлять  насилие и вести наблюдение. Но, как и с любой технологией, они функционируют как мышцы, помогая нам реализовать наши желания, конструктивные или разрушительные. В случае с Covid это может означать автоматизацию многих систем  в широком масштабе, беспилотных  летательных аппаратов, осуществляющи доставку, и дезинфекационных  роботов, отмечающих простое начало. Уже есть примеры того, как НПО используют беспилотники для доставки лекарств в отдаленные места с впечатляющей точностью. Теперь, когда возможность получать товары без человеческого прикосновения является более привлекательным ценным предложением, чем когда-либо, широкое распространение может стимулировать огромный рост спроса на  беспилотные летательные аппараты..

4. Универсальный базовый доход.

Доктор Мартин Лютер Кинг, Бертран Рассел, Милтон Фридман и многие другие согласились с тем, что цивилизованное общество должно обеспечивать своих граждан деньгами для удовлетворения основных потребностей, чтобы никто никогда не жил в состоянии непристойного отчаяния.

Автоматизация сделала эту тему очень горячей, так как кандидат в президенты США Эндрю Янг продолжил политику, прежде чем приостановить свою кампанию. Во время текущего (или предстоящего) карантина многие работы исчезнут и уже исчезли за одну ночь. Потери на фондовом рынке отражают обеспокоенность по поводу того, насколько значительным может быть изменение потребления.
В свете этого Гонконг уже утвердил своего рода экстренный УБД предоставив каждому гражданину 10 000 гонконгских долларов (около 1290 долларов). Предложения о предоставлении ежемесячного денежного дохода всем гражданам в ходе пандемии были поддержаны как либералами, так и консерваторами во многих других штатах.  Выводы из этих экспериментов, которые уже проводятся, и которые, скорее всего, последуют, дадут значительные новые знания.

5. A healthy wake up call to never blindly trust a leader. Никогда больше не доверять слепо лидеру - полезно для здоровья

Citizens of the world right now have a front-row seat to watch how  differently leaders around the world are handling the very same disease.  Once the dust settles and figures can be studied, we’ll be able to see  what worked and what didn’t. But more than that, we’ll have a strong  example of how arbitrary the choices that leaders make can be. People  have already died because a certain leader took the wrong approach at  the wrong time. This doesn’t have to mean citizens no longer trust  anyone. Rather, we should demand that more than success at the polls or  holding an office be treated as sufficient authority in questions where  there is science to consider.

6. Learning and loving to do the least. Учиться делать все по минимуму и любить это

What do we need? Jenny Odell’s How to Do Nothing: Resisting the Attention Economy (2019)  ignited a lot of excitement last year. It questioned how many of the  activities we’re involved in every day actually benefit us. Doing less  has its perks, for the climate and the environment as a whole, as well  as for our stress levels and peace of mind. Covid-19 will, at least for a  time, bring an extreme decrease in productivity. This will also give us  a new baseline to compare with our “normal” lives. When we find  ourselves forced to stop for a while, what will we end up really  missing—and what won’t we miss at all? Hitting the pause button will  give us an opportunity to take stock of what really deserves the glory  in our glorification of being “busy.”

7. Wider adoption of decentralized internet protocols. Более широкое применение децентрализованных интернет-протоколов.

Quarantine can be an introvert’s dream—until the internet stops  working. Hopefully, this won’t happen. But if we were running  decentralized internet protocols, we could move from hoping to knowing.  The internet was built to be resilient in times of crisis. Over time,  however, a small number of companies have come to own a large number of  the servers directing traffic. This undercuts the internet’s celebrated  design feature of decentralization. Amazon Web Services, for example, operates a whopping third of the servers running the cloud. The Interplanetary File System  (IPFS) is a new protocol we could adopt to make the internet properly  peer-to-peer again—meaning, it might give us an internet more equipped  for a crisis.

8. A post-post-truth world. Мир пост-пост-истины.

And just like that, accuracy mattered. As we face a range of possible  scenarios, from the mild to the frankly catastrophic, we can feel it  collectively now: We want to know the facts. How much should we fear a  sneeze? A handshake? Is everything under control, or should we stock up  on food and water at home? We want to know. Not guess, but know. And  even though doubt in science has grown ever greater in recent years, you  don’t see hordes of people turning down the thought of a vaccine now.

9. Telepresence bonanza. Изобилие дистанционного присутствия

Social distancing is luckily happening in a time when we already love  to be social far, far away from one another. The meetings that could  have been emails have quickly turned into emails. For the rest, there’s  telepresence, video conferencing, and even digital avatars and virtual stages.  The longer the quarantine, the more we’ll see whatever brings us our  loved ones and colleagues in high definition as the best thing since  stock crackers. That summits and concerts are finding digital iterations  is all great news for a world that’s been relying on air travel far  more than carbon budgets allow. In terms of aviation, what is a state of  emergency now, great telepresence services could help make far more  normal after the virus.

10. Corona-boom babies.  Корона-бэби бум

Blackouts and snow-ins result in baby bumps: this has been commonly  observed. Is it that when you’re stuck at home, sex is the next best  option? Or is it that in times of despair, the prospect of bringing a  new life into the world is a bulwark against the sense of impending  doom? Whatever it is, you might look forward to some lustful pleasures  during the quarantine. And if you don’t feel like this is the right time  for you to conceive the next generation, you might consider stocking up  on contraceptives while (or if) you can. Suggested names of this  generation to come: Quaranteens or Coronials.

11. Paying our heroes with more than just applause. Платить нашим героям больше, чем просто аплодисментами.

The true value of the labor that keeps society—and our sanity—afloat,  is now being keenly felt. People homeschooling their children are  expressing new appreciation for teachers’ day-to-day. Garbage collectors  and delivery people are receiving proper thank-yous for usually  thankless services. And the health care providers risking their own  health for the sake of others are now receiving a measure of gratitude.  We’re learning what’s essential. Now, instead of paying the heroes of  this crisis with nothing but applause, could this sudden appreciation  instead take a monetary form and translate into better pay for our most  crucial professions?

12. All the great books, movies, jokes, and memes to come. Все великие книги, фильмы, шутки и мемы в будущем.

And just like that, you did get the time to finish your novel. The  same is true for a myriad of artists, currently in lockdown, many of  them likely creating their most inspired pieces yet. Shakespeare  famously wrote King Lear during his time in quarantine. From the  existential motives of serious filmmakers to the escapist hedonism and  meme extraordinaires—a pandemic, in all its brutality, can be quite the  muse.

13. Updated emergency protocols. Обновленные аварийные протоколы.

As bad as Covid-19 is, those of us in the global catastrophic risk  community know there are far worse scenarios, and we can get far better  at preparing and de-risking our lives. Books like Feeding Everyone No Matter What (2014)  by David Denkenberger has never before gotten the attention they  deserve. We could use this situation to change that, making us wiser and  more resilient in the face of vaster issues. Proposals like  Denkenberger’s to develop large-scale storage, underground mushroom  farms, or even bacteria-based foods to survive a potential nuclear  winter or supervolcanic eruption no longer seem as eccentric as they  once did. Rather, they seem wise and considered, as the words “hope for  the best, plan for the worst” are beginning to more widely resonate.

14. Longevity reimagined. Долголетие переосмыслено.

The status and suffering of the elderly is generally scarcely covered. Before this pandemic, 100,000 people died from illnesses  directly related to the underlying condition of an aged body—every  single day. As Covid-19 is disproportionately affecting the older part  of the population and medical professionals are making calls based on  age, this issue ought to see serious momentum. Intergenerational  solidarity could become more of a thing as we come to fully realize that  an able-bodied condition is ever so temporary. Healthspan—and  lifespan—extension is a problem we might more seriously use our  collective talent to combat, as we give more weight to the argument  often put forward by those in the field that aging ought to be  classified as a disease.

15. An understanding of what is possible through collective belief. Понимание того, что возможно, через коллективное убеждение
Particularly when it comes to debt. The Federal Reserve is offering $1.5 trillion in short-term loans (and a whole lot more is on the way)  to stabilize the market due to Covid-19. In a world where fiat  currencies are only backed by belief, a lot can be done once there is  sufficient support. By comparison, the total amount of student loan debt  in the US is $1.6 trillion.  If you want to study a concept during all your in-house downtime, maybe  look up “debt jubilee.” Or, if you’re looking for a longer read,  there’s David Graeber’s Debt: The First 5,000 Years (2011).  A lot of time in your house means a lot of time to learn and organize  for change with people who share your beliefs and could amplify them.  Whether in relation to debt, or something else.
16. A shared enemy. Общий враг
In the ’90s, some thinkers focused on globalization argued that our  shared global village was turning into a “McWorld,” with consumer  culture as its common denominator. Arguably, there is something far more  wholesome all humans have in common: We all want a safe tomorrow. In  Covid-19, we’ve found a common enemy, attacking people regardless of  their appearance or passport

This takes us back to that original meaning of crisis: the present  situation offers a choice. Either we try to piece the world back  together as it was before this catastrophic occurrence, or we can use  this shared event as the founding moment of a unifying global narrative.  One acknowledging that underneath our badges of belonging we are all  vulnerable bodies, very much dependent on each other and on systems of  governance.

We’ve been aware of our global interconnectedness for some time,  every second TED talk makes reference to it. But we’ve never felt it as  much as we do now. We’ve already witnessed the lack of global  coordination to control the spread of the virus early on. We are now  witnessing how the government of each state is turning this shared  global event into so many singular, nationally defined experiences.
All this tells the tale of a world that has become interlinked, yet  holds on to a governance model pretending we’re not. This can change. We  can tell another story. One that demands global risks receive a global  response and proclaims that certain issues are so important they stand  above all partisanship. A virus can spread quickly and change us  profoundly. So can an idea. Stuck, alone in our houses, there has never  been a better time to come together.
https://singularityhub.com/2020/03/25/16-ways-coronavirus-may-change-the-way-we-look-at-the-world/?utm_medium=email&utm_content=16-ways-coronavirus-may-change-the-way-we-look-at-the-world&utm_source=newsletter&utm_campaign=fy18-hub-daily-rss-newsletter&mkt_tok=eyJpIjoiT0RSbE1EQTVaV00yWlRFMiIsInQiOiJRWEU5Y1BXbThUOTJmUkkzMHVFUmh4R2pnRU1iSmdoMzIrSTJ4KzJkQVdYOHBRNE9obm1XbDNSY3ViS1IrdDBhTUMrUnBJeHdRTFhGUUYwVk9waEx5dVp0d1FQeUh0YWtrS2RjZjNZdzRRTVkrNWtnYlFkWnRaZ0lRMjB6T2VtQyJ9
Tags: Коронавирус, интересное. подумать
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